The Cellulosic Biofuel Network (CBioN) is a Canadian network of more than 40 government and university scientists seeking to eliminate constraints for the Canadian bioethanol industry. The network's goal is to provide Canada with a low-cost economic and environmental plan for ethanol production based on food-crop residues, dedicated biomass crops and the use of marginal lands.
Research within CBioN will:
1. Evaluate and enhance cellulosic biomass potential (biomass yield, agronomic innovations, energy balance of crop residues, dedicated biomass crops on marginal land, harvesting, compaction, transport strategies, cost to the factory);
2. Evaluate and design new physical, chemical and enzymatic technologies for deconstruction of plant cell walls;
3. Reduce enzymatic deconstruction cost: select or engineer plants with increased ability for cell wall deconstruction (modifying cell wall biosynthesis, expressing cell wall degrading enzymes, selecting tailored cocktails of enzymes for each biomass source);
4. Select or engineer new generation fermentation yeast (increased ability for fermentation, reduced fermentation inhibition, ability to degrade cellulose);
5. Evaluate overall economic, environmental, and social cost of producing cellulosic ethanol.
CBioN is also linked to the Feeds Opportunities from the Biofuels Industry (FOBI) network, which tests crops and ethanol residues for their value in livestock feed.
News and Achievements
The CBioN Second Annual General Meeting was held in Ottawa at the Ottawa Marriott Hotel (100 Kent Street, Ottawa) on March 11-12, 2010. The Steering committee met at the same location on the afternoon of March 10th, 2010.